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Al Swearengen, Early Deadwood


Historical Black Hills characters, both factual and fictional, have taken center stage in the successful HBO series DEADWOOD." Al Swearengen is portrayed in the HBO production as the ruthless owner and manager of the Gem Theater in a way which, for the most part, is historically accurate.

W.E. Adams Biography


W.E. Adams was born to parents James Windsor and Sarah Ann (Prettyman) Adams in Michigan on May 13, 1854. The family later moved to Fairbault, Minnesota. According to information recently researched by Mary Kopco at Deadwood’s Adams Museum, William was enrolled in grammar school at the age of 7 (1861) in Minnesota, and by age 17 (1871) he was living in an Illinois boarding house and working for a local grocer.

Keywords: Adams Museum

Badlands National Park


Over the centuries, the geologic formation known as the Badlands has been described as the closest thing to a lunar landscape that can be found on Earth, a scenic marvel.

Charles Badger Clark, Jr.


Badger Clark, poet, lecturer, and traveler, was South Dakota's Poet Laureate for twenty years. Born in Iowa, Clark was only three months old when his family came to South Dakota in 1883. He accompanied his parents to several prairie towns where his father served in various capacities in the Methodist Church.

Captain Jack Crawford – Poet Scout of the Black Hills - Part 1


Crawford was born in Donegal County, Ireland, in 1847. His parents brought the family to the United States from Northern Ireland when Jack was 14, and settled in the Pennsylvania coal-mining region at Minersville. Jack’s mother, Susan Wallace Crawford, was a descendent of Sir William Wallace, the famous Scottish hero who waged war to gain Scotland's freedom in the early 14th century. Susan’s influence and his Celtic heritage played a large part in Jack’s upbringing, and in his later lif

Captain Jack Crawford—Poet Scout of the Black Hills - Part 2


The soldiers and miners seemed to overlook Captain Jack's temperance, for he seemed to be respected and well liked. J. T. ("Buckskin Johnny") Spaulding, in a 1927 article written for the Queen City Mail, described meeting Crawford when he arrived in the Black Hills in 1876.

Charlie Utter, Early Deadwood


C. H. (Charlie) Utter was born near Niagara Falls, New York, in 1838. He spent his youth in Illinois, then moved to western Colorado Territory in the 1850s where he earned his reputation as a trapper, prospector, and popular and well known packer and guide in the silver and gold regions of the Rocky Mountains west of Denver. Coming in at only five feet six inches tall, Charlie apparently made up for his size by his “dandified” appearance. He wore his blond hair long, complemented by a mousta

Red Cloud (Makhpyia-luta) - Part 1


We do not know the exact birth date of this famed Oglala Lakota Sioux leader, but he was likely born in late 1821 or 1822 near the forks of the Platte River in current-day central Nebraska.

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